Linux Shell Shorthand command
Shorthand at the Command Prompt
Some of these are specific to the bash shell. which are common to all shells.
1. / - root directory
2. ./ - current directory
3. ./command_name - run a command in the current directory when current directory is not on the path
4. ../ - parent directory
5. ~ - home directory
6. $ - typical prompt when logged in as ordinary user
7. # - typical prompt when logged in as root or superuser
8. ! - repeat specified command
9. !! - repeat previous command
10. ^^ - repeat previous command with substitution
11. - run a program in background mode
12. [Tab][Tab] - prints a list of all available commands. This is just an example of autocomplete
with no restriction on the first letter.
13. x[Tab][Tab] - prints a list of all available completions for a command, where the beginning is "x"
14. [Alt][Ctrl][F1] - switch to the first virtual text console
15. [Alt][Ctrl][Fn] - switch to the nth virtual text console. Typically, there are six on a Linux PC system.
16. [Alt][Ctrl][F7] - switch to the first GUI console, if there is one running. If the graphical console
17. freezes, one can switch to a nongraphical console, kill the process that is giving problems, and switch
back to the graphical console using this shortcut.
18. [ArrowUp] - scroll through the command history (in bash)
19. [Shift][PageUp] - scroll terminal output up. This also works at the login prompt, so you can scroll
through your boot messages.
20. [Shift][PageDown] - scroll terminal output down
21. [Ctrl][Alt][+] - switch to next X server resolution (if the server is set up for more than one resolution)
22. [Ctrl][Alt][-] - change to previous X server resolution
23. [Ctrl][Alt][BkSpc] - kill the current X server. Used when normal exit is not possible.
24. [Ctrl][Alt][Del] - shut down the system and reboot
25. [Ctrl]c - kill the current process
26. [Ctrl]d - logout from the current terminal
27. [Ctrl]s - stop transfer to current terminal
28. [Ctrl]q - resume transfer to current terminal. This should be tried if the terminal stops responding.
29. [Ctrl]z - send current process to the background
30. reset - restore a terminal to its default settings
31. [Leftmousebutton] - Hold down left mouse button and drag to highlight text. Releasing the button copies
the region to the text buffer under X and (if gpm is installed) in console mode.
32. [Middlemousebutton] - Copies text from the text buffer and inserts it at the cursor location.
With a two-button mouse, click on both buttons simultaneously. It is necessary for
three-button emulation to be enabled, either under gpm or in XF86Config.