What is the Morse Code?
The original Morse Code, as well as the newer International Morse Code, are both communication codes made up of dots, dashes, and spaces. They are arranged to represent letters, numbers, and punctuation marks. A message can be transmitted in Morse code by electrical impulses, as in the case of the telegraph, or by visual means such as a flashing light.
The original Morse code was devised in 1835 by American painter and inventor Samuel F. B. Morse (1791-1872) and his assistant-partner Alfred Vail (1807-1859). This code was intended for use with the electrical telegraph, which Morse developed from 1832 to 1835. The Morse Code, which was created for use in the English language, proved inadequate for other languages (it lacked accents and other marks). Vail developed a simpler, improved version of the code, called the International Morse Code, which was adopted by European nations in 1851.