array_unique

by gowtham 2010-09-17 11:53:30

array_unique â Removes duplicate values from an array
Description
array array_unique ( array $array [, int $sort_flags = SORT_STRING ] )

Takes an input array and returns a new array without duplicate values.

Note that keys are preserved. array_unique() sorts the values treated as string at first, then will keep the first key encountered for every value, and ignore all following keys. It does not mean that the key of the first related value from the unsorted array will be kept.

Note: Two elements are considered equal if and only if (string) $elem1 === (string) $elem2. In words: when the string representation is the same. The first element will be used.

Parameters

array

The input array.
sort_flags

The optional second parameter sort_flags may be used to modify the sorting behavior using these values:

Sorting type flags:

* SORT_REGULAR - compare items normally (don't change types)
* SORT_NUMERIC - compare items numerically
* SORT_STRING - compare items as strings
* SORT_LOCALE_STRING - compare items as strings, based on the current locale. Added in PHP 4.4.0 and 5.0.2.

Return Values

Returns the filtered array.
Changelog

Version Description
5.2.9 Added the optional sort_flags defaulting to SORT_REGULAR. Prior to 5.2.9, this function used to sort the array with SORT_STRING internally.
5.2.10 Changed the default value of sort_flags back to SORT_STRING.
Examples

Example #1 array_unique() example
<?php
$input = array("a" => "green", "red", "b" => "green", "blue", "red");
$result = array_unique($input);
print_r($result);
?>

The above example will output:

Array
(
[a] => green
[0] => red
[1] => blue
)

Example #2 array_unique() and types
<?php
$input = array(4, "4", "3", 4, 3, "3");
$result = array_unique($input);
var_dump($result);
?>

The above example will output:

array(2) {
[0] => int(4)
[2] => string(1) "3"
}

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